Why should you protect your skin from the sun? Here are the reasons why we should avoid basking in the sun too much.
The sun's rays can be very harmful to our skin. Although sunlight is actually beneficial in treating skin diseases, over exposure to the sun can cause sunburn, wrinkles, freckles, skin texture changes, dilated blood vessels, and skin cancers. It may also cause rash problems.
The ultra violet radiation (UVR) in sunlight is very harmful. Although, UVR mainly affects our skin and eyes and does not get very far inside our bodies it can severely damage us. The most serious effect of sunlight in our skin is the generation of cancer, the most serious of which is called melanoma.
Skin cancer is the most diagnosed cancer nowadays. In the United Kingdom alone, there are at least 100,000 new cases of skin cancer annually.
Most skin cancers are linked to sunburn or prolonged exposure to the sun. Skin cells are damaged by the electromagnetic radiation that makes up sunshine (this is different from the radiation associated with nuclear energy). The dangerous rays contain UV radiation. This comes in three types: UVA, UVB and UVC. UV radiation can penetrate deep into our cells and cause gene damage, the trigger for cancer.
In the United States, more than one million cases of non- melanoma skin cancer are diagnosed every year. Meanwhile, melanoma skin cancer represents only four percent of all skin cancers, but accounts for more than 75 percent of all skin cancer deaths.
People most at risk of skin cancer are those with large numbers of moles or fair or freckled skin, and particularly those with light colored eyes and fair or red hair. People with this skin type also tend to burn before they tan. People with dark skin that tans easily are less at risk. People with black, Asian and Mediterranean complexions are least at risk.
It is in this regard that health experts and medical practitioners alike are encouraging us to protect ourselves against the sun. Here are four simple ways that we can do so:
1. Stay away from the sun especially in the middle of the day (approximately from 10 a.m. to four p.m.) when the sun is at its hottest.
2. Block. Use sunscreen lotions or those with Sun Protection Factor (SPF). Using SPF 15 or higher is recommended.
3. Cover up . Hats, sunglasses, sun visors and protective clothing will provide effective barrier to sunlight.
4. Speak out . Help promote awareness regarding sun protection and the dangers of too much sunlight.
So next time you wanted to ride the hype of sunbathing and tanning, remember that no amount of beauty can compensate for your life.
Protection from the sun
When winter comes, it usually makes the most impact on your skin. The cold season makes your skin dry, brittle and flaky. Unlike the summer sun’s, the effects of winter are not as obvious because you are usually covered up with your winter clothes. Your dry and cracked skin becomes more of a problem when winter ends and you must once again don your regular clothes. Summer is usually the season in which you go out on the beach with your bikini or exercise outside with tank tops and shorts. However, wearing these summer clothes might become a problem if you do not have healthy skin.
Before summer comes, you can start rejuvenating your skin through constant exfoliation. This process involves removing the dead cells from your skin’s surface. It is a simple process, normally involving only a loofah or a piece of cloth rubbed against the skin. After this, you can apply lotions or moisturizers to avoid drying your skin.
There are many ways of taking care of your skin during the summertime, yet the most effective is using sun protection products to prevent sunburn. These products usually have different Sun Protection Factors or SPF, which refers to the amount of protection it offers against the sun. Choosing the right SPF all depends on whether you have a fair or dark skin. The fairer your skin is, the higher the SPF that you will need. It is safe for everyone to use a sunscreen, which has 15 and above SPF. This will ultimately help in preventing the harmful effects of bright sun’s rays, like skin cancer.
When you apply sunscreens, it is important that you use more than enough to shield your exposed skin. You must always remember treating skin cancer is more expensive than buying sunscreen products. For the sunscreen to work effectively, it is best to rub it on before going outside. The reason for this is that the protection works better after fifteen to twenty minutes has elapsed from the time of application. You must also remember to reapply it after every two hours. When you sweat or go for a swim, the sunscreen becomes less effective, so you must lather up your body again, including your scars after you wipe yourself. The regimen discussed above is an effective way to take care of your skin and keep it healthy.